Wed, 14 Jan 2015. Last updated Mon, 01 Jun 2015 14:18
Since 2012, Quang Ninh province has compiled dossiers to nominate Yen Tu as the World Heritage Nominations. It is expected that this dossier will be promptly completed in September 2015 by the People's Committees of Quang Ninh province and Bac Giang province. Afterwards, the two provinces will continue making necessary modifications and summit to USESCO in 2016. If making a comparison between Yen Tu and other World Heritage Sites such as Halong Bay, Hiraizumi Town, The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga (Madagasca), etc, Yen Tu Relic Site meets all criteria required by UNESCO to become a new World Heritage.
Yen Tu Relic Site consists of 3 main relics which are Yen Tu Historical Relic and Landscape Area (Uong Bi City, Quang Ninh Province), Tran Dynasty Historical Relics (Dong Trieu District, Quang Ninh Province), and the Western Yen Tu Historical Relic and Landscape Area (Yen Dung, Luc Nam, Luc Ngan and Son Dong Districts, Bac Giang Province). Overall, the heritage area is located in Yen Tu Mountain which belongs to Dong Trieu District with the average altitude of over 600 meters. The highest peak is Yen Tu Mountain with the height of 1,068 meters above the sea level. Yen Tu Mountain is famous natural landscape which is well preserving many historical relics. This place is considered as an ancestral land of Vietnamese Buddhism.
Yen Tu has become the center of Buddhism since King Tran Nhan Tong gave up his throne and joined the monastery. From that time, King Tran Nhan Tong established Truc Lam Yen Tu Buddhist Zen - a special and typical Buddhism in Vietnam. He built hundreds of small and large monasteries in Yen Tu Mountain to preach Buddhist scriptures. During 19 years of spiritual practice, King Tran Nhan Tong has built 800 temples, pagodas, and towers throughout the country and thousands of valuable statues such as Quynh Lam Pagoda, Ho Thien Pagoda, Vinh Nghiem Pagoda, etc.
Having natural sceneries and historical and religious meanings, Yen Tu has been nominated by UNESCO as the Cultural World Heritage. The monuments excavated on and in the ground are clear evidences for long-term cultural exchanges, the reception of globally cultural influences, ideas, theories, and Buddhism in Yen Tu. Yen Tu consists of dozens of temples, hundreds of towers, and thousands of rare ancient relics, books, and Buddhism scriptures containing spiritual values and ideas of Truc Lam Zen and creating distinct cultural identity for Vietnam Buddhism. Especially, "Thien Tong Ban Hanh" Buddhism scripture are well preserved in Vinh Nghiem Pagoda, Bac Giang Province. "Thien Tong Ban Hanh" was sampled for Nom font in Unicode with the symbol of NomNaTongLight.ttf. This script was installed in every computer in the world.