Sa Huynh Culture Museum is situated in No.149 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An Town. The museum provides diverse information about the ancient residents of Sa Huynh Culture. They are owners of early Hoi An seaport having had exchange relations with China, India and Southeast Asian countries. It exhibits 216 artifacts of Sa Huynh Culture dating back around 2,000 years, which was discovered through surveys, archaeological excavations in Hau Xa, Thanh Chiem, An Bang, Xuan Lam… from 1989 to 1994. Thanks to its great number of artifacts, the museum is considered the largest and most unique collection on Sa Huynh Culture in Vietnam.
Appeared about 3,000 years ago and ended up in the 1st century, Sa Huynh culture might have existed more than 5,000 years. It extended from the Neolithic period to the beginning of the Iron Age in provinces from Quang Binh to South Central Coast and Central Highlands. With a strong and various creations, Sa Huynh Culture had increasingly seen the influence and exchanges with numerous regions in Southeast Asian, ancient China and ancient India. Coming to the museum, tourists easily recognize the architecture and such distinctive style. Located right in the heart of Hoi An Ancient Town, Sa Huynh Culture Museum converges the appearance of a national-calibered museum in the Central. It has also kept numerous versions, originals excavated by archaeologists in the country and abroad. In particular, there is also a Sa Huynh Culture Museum in Duy Xuyen District, Quang Nam which formerly used to be the center providing valuable antiques to other museums. Precious ancient artifacts have been unearthed in Duy Xuyen district, such as Thach Ban, Tra Kieu, My Son, Go Dua... The collection of various valuable Sa Huynh Culture ancient items in both museums is highly evaluated by scientists.
One of the most typical artifacts attracting tourists when entering the museum is Linga - a symbol usually located in the main hall of Cham towers. Yet the most impressive one in Sa Huynh Museum is burial jar collection. They are gourd-shaped jars in multi sizes and 0.6m to 1.8m tall, which are made of terracotta of Sa Huynh Culture. Residents of ancient Champa kingdom had used these jars for burial. Numerous jars in multi shapes had been nested for moisture resistance and conservation of spirits full of mysteries. In addition, archaeological works which was presented in the transition of ages, styles and cultural patterns harmoniously strangely fascinated tourists. These artifacts were god statues of Vishnu, Apsara, Nadin, Shiva, Makara, and Garuda... made of sandstones - a characteristic material of Cham culture.
There is also a collection of ceramic housewares, copper axes, and iron axes in pre-metal era, onyx rings... Besides, earrings in lion's head shape, beast shape, or bronze three-pin shape with many variations incorporating feelings of their artisans are always fascinating and provoking a marvelous discovery... In particular, Western Han Dynasty bronze mirror dating from 1st century BC with numerous sophisticated patterns symbolizes strength and power of the tribe and tribal. It is one of the 2 extremely precious mirrors in Sa Huynh Culture archaeologists have unearthed. Sa Huynh Culture Museum with its stature, richness and uniqueness always gradually becomes one of the appealing attractions in Hoi An.
The artifacts at the museum are considered the most unique collection of Sa Huynh civilization in Vietnam. Visiting Sa Huynh Culture Museum in Hoi An travel, tourists have the opportunity to much more contemplate on a long-lasting history journey in the close combination with the culture of Vietnam people. The museum is a significant highlight on the route of Hoi An tourism. In particular, stopping here, tourists will have an occasion to admire, ascertain, and gain precious values of Sa Huynh - Champa Culture prior to My Son - World Cultural Heritage Site.