Mon, 04 May 2015 . Last updated Thu, 25 Jun 2015 09:06
This is one of the biggest festivals in Vietnam. This site attracted 2.1 million tourists and pilgrims in 2012. It’s considered the ancestral place of Vietnamese Buddhism. Yen Tu pagoda is located in Yen Tu Mountain, 1,068m above the sea level, in Uong Bi city, Quang Ninh province. The land is attached to Tran Nhan Tong, the king who led his troops to two victories over Mongol invaders and left his throne for Yen Tu to found Truc Lam Zen sect here. Yen Tu was recognized as a special national-level historical place.
Pilgrims used to have to climb thousands of stone steps (6,000 m) during 6 hours, through immense primitive forests and huge waterfalls to reach the mountain top. Thanks to the completion of the cable car system no.1 in 2002 which can bring tourists to Hoa Yen pagoda and the second one in 2008, which leads to the mountain top, the journey becomes much easier.
Let’s offer an incense stick at the ancestral tower before entering Hoa Yen pagoda. It was built in the Tran Dynasty and restored in early Le Dynasty. This is the place where part of sariras of Dieu Ngu GIac Hoang Tran Nhan Tong is kept. A marble statue of Truc Lam Zen sect founder, 62cm in height, in Buddhist kasaya is placed on the second floor of the tower. This is the model for the giant bronze statue.
Tens of groups of Buddhists come to Yen Tu everyday. They perform rituals to show their respect for Tran Nhan Tong and pray for his support. There’re more than 90 other towers in the tower garden. This is the place where Buddhist monks who passed away in Yen Tu mountain rest in peace. Offering incense at these towers is a way for Buddhists to express their gratitude for predecessors.
Located at the height of 535m above the sea level, Hoa Yen pagoda is the biggest pagoda in Yen Tu mountain and it’s also called “Chua Ca”. The construction of Hoa Yen pagoda began in the Ly Dynasty. The pagoda was called Phu Van then. It used to be a small thatched pagoda named Van Yen where Tran Nhan Tong preached sermons. Three founders of Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen sect were chief monks of this pagoda. Le Thanh Tong passed the pagoda and saw that it was surrounded by fresh flowers. Thus, he named it Hoa Yen.
The pagoda we see today was built in the Nguyen Dynasty. It has 5 compartments arranged in the shape of Chinese character “ding”. It’s believed that Hoa Yen pagoda is located in the position of the dragon’s head with the ancestral tower being the dragon’s eye and the two mountains at two sides being dragon’s arms. Many precious objects that bear the imprint of the glorious day of the Buddhist Zen sect can be found in the pagoda, like statues of Buddha, stone stelae, ancient bricks, and stone incense burners dated to the reign of Le Trung Hung in the 17th century.
Hoa Yen pagoda was restored in 2002 with a new shape consisting of the inner part resembling Chinese character “gong” and the outer part resembling Chinese character “guo”. The ancestral house, the corridors, the drum and the bell of the pagoda have patterns typical of architecture under the Tran Dynasty. The pagoda is harmonious blend of architecture and nature, Buddhism and life.
Visitors to Hoa Yen pagoda are amazed at three 700-year-old trees. Southern people call these trees Plumeria but their common name as Frangipani can show the sacred atmosphere at the pagoda. The old roots of the trees let us know how much hardship they overcame. The trees are often linked to unyielding heroes in the battle. They come in full bloom in the season, beautifying the tranquil space here. Hoa Yen is a must-see place for all tourists to Yen Tu.
The next destination is the cable car station no.2. We can see the weather change here. The temperature here is quite lower than that at the foot of the mountain. Bushes and bamboos replace immense ancient trees. The clouds flying across our faces make the space even more mysterious. In front of us is the newly-carved statue of Tran Nhan Tong, the highlight of Yen Ti historical complex. The statue, placed in An Ky Sinh on Yen Tu peak, is made from concrete and stone. The foundation of statue is 3m high; the lotus base is 2m high and the statue has the height of 9.9m.
Standing here, we can have an overview of Yen Tu mountain and surrounding pagodas. The statue sets three records of Vietnam, including, the biggest monolithic statue in Vietnam, the statue placed in the highest position, the statue carved with the most modern technology in Vietnam.
As the construction of the statue was carried out in a high a narrow place with the total quantity of 2,500 tons, the contractors built it right on the concrete base and put the kiln on the scaffolding. They had two tries before casting the statue at the height of 920m above the sea level to test the thermal resistance of the base. With the finance of VND 75 billion, the statue is evaluated as a record work. It’s a new tourist attraction in Yen Tu.
Our next destination is Dong Pagoda on Yen Tu top, a must-see place for all tourists to Yen Tu. The air becomes thinner and the dew gets thicker. There are more stones than trees here. The path to the pagoda is quite challenging with steps being tottery stones. Dong pagoda is located on Yen Tu top, 1.068m above the sea level. It was inaugurated on January 30, 2007 and is considered the most special pagoda in Asia. It has the height of 3.35m and patterns typical of the Tran Dynasty.
The pagoda, statue of the Buddha and the bell, 70 tons in weight, were cast from bronze imported from Australia. It consists of about 6,000 components and the heaviest one (1.4 ton) was installed right on the mountain top. The pagoda has the shape of Chinese character “ding” and covers an area of nearly 20 sqm in the center of the foundation of a lotus-shaped pagoda formerly built here.
Dong pagoda’s records of Vietnam include biggest bronze pagoda in Vietnam, pagoda with highest location in Vietnam, pagoda with top donation: VND 1 billion and 10kg of gold, pagoda with top weight: 70 tons of bronze and top number of components: 6,000.
According to Tran Ngoc Hang, a Buddhism researcher from the Buddhist Shangha of Vietnam, the name of pagoda indicates both its material and the unity of Vietnamese people. This is the most sacred place. Reaching here means reaching the ancestral place of Vietnamese Buddhism. These pilgrims come here with greatest sincerity to pray for the Buddha’s support.
Source: VTV10 - NETVIET
Sacred Yen Tu Mountain
Yen Tu is a famous landmark in Quang Ninh, attached to the Vietnam Buddhist religion. Currently, Yen Tu Mountain stores a system of historical and cultural relics associated with the birth, formation and development of Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen.
The ancient Thay Pagoda
Located in Sai Son commune, Thay Pagoda, one of the sacred pagodas in Hanoi closely related to Tu Dao Hanh, the monk who is said to contribute significantly to the work of teaching and curing people.
An Sinh Temple - The temple of the oath
An Sinh temple is an important relic of the Tran dynasty relic in Dong Trieu. This is the worshiping and ritual place of Tran Kings and an important religious center under the dynasties of Tran, Le and Nguyen in the history of Vietnam.
Sacred and mysterious My Son Sanctuary
My Son sanctuary is the typical example of local culture and foreign culture, mostly Indian culture. The architecture of My Son presents the development process of Cham culture in Southeast Asia from the 4th century to 13th century.
The Central Highlands in the heart of Hanoi
About 8 kilometers from Hanoi’s center, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is a special culture space in Cau Giay district. Coming here, within only 2 hours, you could travel across the S-shaped country to learn about the culture and customs of each locality.
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Center of power over 13 centuries
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is a massive architectural relic complex built in many historical periods and becomes the most important relic complex among the system of historical and cultural relics of Vietnam.
Traditional fishing equipment in Phu Yen
Phu Yen province is located in Central Coast Vietnam. Traveling here, tourists will have the chance to learn about the different fishing tools that local fishermen use in order to carry out their profession, it has been amazing.
Van Long natural reserve in Northern Vietnam
Van Long natural reserve is considered the largest wetland nature reserve in the Red River Delta. In 2010, Vietkings recognized this area as the place with the largest number of Delacour’s langurs in Vietnam and the biggest natural picture in Vietnam.
Ngoc Son Temple and Sword Lake
Ngoc Son Temple and Sword Lake are one of famous attractions of Hanoi that are considered symbol of the thousand-year-old capital and receive a great number of visitors at home and aboard day in and day out.
Exploring Hanoi Old Quarter
Joining in Hanoi tours, you are able to see the things that you might have been seen before if you ever been to this place to the old quarter. You also get a chance to see all the things that are hidden deep within the alley of the Hanoi Old Quarter.
Hoi An travel to New Moon Festival
The New Moon festival is held on the 14th evening of the lunar month in Hoi An ancient town. This is a magic festival and recalls of the real life of Hoi An people four centuries ago.
Vietnam War bunker near Da Nang
Located the south of Da Nang, between the Da Nang Airbase and Monkey Mountain, the War Bunker is a nice peaceful spot that reminds the memories of the war in Vietnam.
Cultural identity of ethnic groups in Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
When visitors don’t have a chance to travel across Vietnam, you can come to Vietnam Museum of Ethnology. Coming here, visitors can have an overview of culture, costumes, traditions and customs of 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam.
Visit Trang An complex in Ninh Binh
Dubbed as "Halong Bay on land”, Trang An has a system of limestone mountains and natural caves. Visiting Trang An, visitors will be surprised by the spectacular mountains, green trees and the clear river valley at the foot of cliffs and mysterious caves.
Yen Tu Pagoda and records of Vietnam
Yen Tu pagoda is a complex of pagodas in the mountain of Yen Tu - the most sacred place. Reaching here means reaching the ancestral place of Vietnamese Buddhism. Pilgrims come here with greatest sincerity to pray for the Buddha’s support.
Discovering the Co Tu village in Quang Nam
Coming to Tay Giang district, Quang Nam province, tourists will have the chance to explore the unspoiled beauty of Co Tu village and immerse themselves into the nature in order to experience the colorful ethnic culture of Co Tu people in Vietnam.
Discovering pearl in Phu Quoc Island
The pearl can be considered as “specialty” of Phu Quoc. Therefore, when traveling this island in addition to visiting beautiful landscapes, when coming back, the pearl is probably thing you should not ignore.
Hanoi at night
Hanoi visitors around the world not only for the gorgeous attractions, historical and cultural relics but also for its beauty at night. Hanoi by night holds a great appeal that bearing the distinctive features of this capital.
Ancientness of Hoi An ancient town
With the ancient beauty, charming beaches, perfect services and friendly people, Hoi An has become one of three cultural heritages of Vietnam and the most favorite destinations in Vietnam – a paradise for tourists.