Connecting 2 riverbanks of Red River, linking Long Bien District and Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Long Bien Bridge is the first longest steel-made bridge retaining the beautiful architectural style in Vietnam in early 20th century, which was built by the French (1898-1902). The bridge has attached with the great number of memories of the citizens in the capital when witnessing the historic events of Hanoi. In spite of more than a hundred years of age, the bridge is today still in use, and becomes one of the most impressive tourist attractions in Hanoi alluring numerous both domestic and international tourists to visit and explore.
As one of the famous bridges in Hanoi, Long Bien Bridge officially started its construction in September 1898 and finished after 3 years and 7 months. The bridge was initially named "Doumer Bridge", the name of Governor-General of French Indochina at that time. Currently, it still remains the metal plaque engraved "1899 -1902 - Dayde & Pille - Paris" on the bridgehead. Long Bien Bridge consists of 20 piers and bridge abutments with the depth of 30m and 13,5m high. The most prominent of the bridge is 2 roads on the both sides and a railway in the middle. Instead of Chinese workers employed previously, with the ingenuity, subtleness, Vietnam workers directly assembled metal components, riveted handles, operated cranes... under the instruction of French engineers.
With a length of 1,682 m and 896 m long of approaching bridge, Long Bien Bridge is divided into 9 frames with the length of 61 m each. The bridge was constructed with more than 5,300 tonnes of steel from France, cement produced in Hai Phong province, wood from Thanh Hoa province and over 30,000 m3 stone from many parts throughout Vietnam. It is the first bridge of the railway route running through Indochina and Hanoi - Hai Phong route as well. In particular, steels used on Long Bien Bridge is also the kinds of steel creating famous Effel Tower in Paris - the French capital. Discover the unique architecture and heroic history of Long Bien Bridge will be one of the most fascinating things to do in Hanoi.
Not only is it one of the famous Hanoi bridges, Long Bien Bridge is also a witness of the capital spanning the history of Hanoi. Undergoing two wars of French resistance and American imperialism, Long Bien Bridge has witnessed moments of the French withdrawal returning the democratic freedom for Vietnamese people in 1945, the moments of people crossing the bridge to hear President Ho Chi Minh reading Declaration of Independence, the ups and downs of 9-year war against the French and the resistance against the American invasion. The bridge has gradually become a part of the flesh and blood of Hanoi people. Anyone referring Hanoi will not fail to mention historical Long Bien Bridge. Thanks to its tremendous historical significance, Long Bien Bridge is worth one of the most attractive Hanoi attractions.
The early 80s of the 20th century when the capital welcomes Chuong Duong Bridge and Thang Long Bridge, Long Bien Bridge has been used only for cyclists and trains. Every morning, the large number of convoys carry coal, vegetables, and ornamental plants from the suburbs to the inner city... Setting foot on Long Bien Bridge Hanoi, tourists will feel like that they are standing in a certain countryside with the maize field, fields of vegetables and clusters of riparian bananas. Long Bien Bridge has become an integral part in the living of working people. The bridge has seen all moments of ups and downs through their life. Therefore, Long Bien Bridge is also part of indelible memories to numerous Hanoians. These idyllic features has turned Long Bien Bridge into one of the must-see tourist site in the journey of discovering Hanoi travel.
Long Bien Bridge is a symbol of longevity, beauty and historical values; simultaneously, it is a cultural heritage in the development of Hanoi. Not only is it the witness throughout the history of the capital, Long Bien Bridge today is also the indispensable tourist spot in Hanoi tours in order that tourists have a chance to better understand about the ups and downs of Hanoi - a millennial cultural capital. Long Bien Bridge displays its important contribution in promoting Hanoi tourism to domestic and international tourists.